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Collection Reference Number GLC09077
From Archive Folder Documents Relating to 1815 
Title Thomas Jefferson to James Maury regarding the War of 1812
Date 16 June 1815
Author Jefferson, Thomas (1743-1826)  
Recipient Maury, James  
Document Type Correspondence
Content Description "...what is incomprehensible to me is that the Marquis of Wellesly...says that 'the aggression which led to war was from the US, not from England.' is there a person in the world who, knowing the circumstances, thinks this? the acts which produced the war were, 1. the impressment of our citizens by their ships of war, and 2. the orders of council forbidding our vessells to trade with any country but England without going to England to obtain a special license...these categorical and definitive answers put an end to necessitation, and were a declaration of a continuance of the war in which they had already taken from us 1000. ships and 6000. seamen. we determined then to defend ourselves and to oppose further hostilities by war on our side also...they expected to give us an exemplary scourging, to separate from us the States east of the Hudson, take for their Indian allies those west of the Ohio, placing 300,000 American citizens under the government of savages and to leave the residuum a powerless enemy, if not submissive subjects. I cannot conceive what is the use of your Bedlam, when such men are out of it...The interruption of our intercourse with England has rendered us one essential service in planting radically and firmly coarse manufactures among us...all theory must yield to experience, and every constitution has it's own laws. I have for 50. years bathed my feet in cold water every morning... and having been remarkably exempted from colds (not having had one in every 7. years of my life on an average) I have supposed it might be ascribed to this practice."
Subjects War of 1812  President  Global History and Civics  Navy  Military History  Merchants and Trade  American Indian History  Industry  Health and Medical  
People Jefferson, Thomas (1743-1826)  
Place written Monticello, Virginia
Theme War of 1812; The Presidency; Foreign Affairs; Naval & Maritime; Merchants & Commerce; Native Americans; Industry; Health & Medicine
Sub-collection The Gilder Lehrman Collection, 1493-1859
Additional Information Maury was the first United States consul in Liverpool, England. He was appointed by President Washington upon the suggestion of Jefferson when he was Secretary of State. Maury served in the post from 1790-1829.
Copyright The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History
Module Settlement, Commerce, Revolution and Reform: 1493-1859
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