The full content of this document is only available to subscribing institutions. More information can be found via

Collection Reference Number GLC06346
From Archive Folder Documents Relating to 1765-1774 
Title Survey for distribution of land among Virginia veterans of French and Indian War
Date 6 November 1772
Author Washington, George (1732-1799)  
Additional authors Crawford, William (1732-1782)
Document Type Land transaction document
Content Description Crawford's survey of lands west of the Ohio and Great Kanawha Rivers. Signed by William Crawford. At the bottom, Crawford writes the names of five "sworn Chairmen and Markers." Washington adds his faded seven line autograph note on verso.
Subjects French and Indian War  President  Land Transaction  Surveying  Frontiers and Exploration  Westward Expansion  Soldier's Pay  Military History  
People Washington, George (1732-1799)  Crawford, William (1732-1782)  Custard, John (fl. 1772)  Cox, George (fl. 1772)  Jackson, William (fl. 1772)  Hardin, Marcus (fl. 1772)  Reese, Jacob (fl. 1772)  Muse, George (1720-1790)  Stephen, Adam (1721-1791)  Lewis, Andrew (1720-1781)  Hog, Peter (fl. 1772)  West, Jonathan (fl. 1772)  Polson, John (fl. 1772)  Wagener, Andrew (fl. 1772)  
Theme French & Indian Wars; Westward Expansion
Sub-collection The Gilder Lehrman Collection, 1493-1859
Additional Information Signer of the U.S. Constitution. In 1754, Lieutenant Governor Robert Dinwiddie issued a proclamation designed to encourage enlistment in the local militia for the war against the French. In addition to their pay, those who enlisted in Lieutenant Colonel George Washington's fledgling Virginia Regiment were offered a share in two hundred thousand acres west of the Ohio River. Unfortunately for the men who fought under Washington in the Braddock and Forbes expeditions against the enemy at Fort Duquesne, they were not to see these bounty lands for more than 20 years, during which time Washington led the struggle to secure their title. In 1769, Governor Norborne de Botetourt of Virginia at last gave him permission to seek out a qualified surveyor and to notify all claimants that surveying would proceed. Once the surveying was completed the land could be divided among the remaining Virginia Regiment veterans or their heirs. Washington arranged to have William Crawford appointed the "Surveyor of the Soldiers Land." In the fall of 1770 Washington, Crawford, and a fellow veteran named Dr. James Craik set out from Fort Pitt by canoe to explore possible sites for the bounty lands, making notes and observations as they journeyed to the junction of the Ohio and Great Kanawha Rivers and several miles up the Great Kanawha. Crawford made the survey in 1771, and the first distribution of the land came in November 1772. As a part of the acreage to which he was entitled, Washington secured three tracts on the Ohio, of 2,314 acres, 2,448 acres, and 4,395 acres. Washington created a map in 1774 from Crawford's surveys. Out of a total of over 64,000 acres apportioned on the map, approximately 30 percent was patented in Washington's name. In addition to Washington's acreage the map shows the lands surveyed and apportioned to other Virginia Regiment members, including Colonel Joshua Fry, Colonel Adam Stephen, Dr. James Craik, George Mercer, George Muse, Colonel Andrew Lewis, Captain Peter Hog, Jacob Van Braam, and Jonathan West.
Copyright The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History
Module Settlement, Commerce, Revolution and Reform: 1493-1859
Transcript Show/hide