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|Collection Reference Number
|From Archive Folder
|Collection of Henry Jackson Hunt
|Joseph Eggleston Johnston to M. S. Worth
|16 January 1870
|Johnston, Joseph Eggleston (1807-1891)
|Letter copied by "M.S.W" (possibly General William Worth's daughter, Margaret. Worth's wife, Margaret Stafford Worth, died in 1869). Describes events of the Mexican War, including General Winfield Scott's march toward Mexico City via Cerro Gordo and Puebla. Discusses whether Scott issued an order that was received by the Mexican army. William Jenkins Worth served in the War of 1812, and was a General in the Mexican American War. Johnson, a Confederate general, had served under Scott during the Mexican War.
|Confederate General or Leader Military History Mexican War Latin and South America Global History and Civics
|Johnston, Joseph Eggleston (1807-1891) Worth, Margaret (b. 1828) Worth, William Jenkins (1794-1849) Worth, Margaret Stafford (1799-1869) Scott, Winfield (1786-1866)
|The Mexican War; Women in American History
|Papers and Images of the American Civil War
|Folder information: Henry Jackson Hunt was Chief of the Artillery in the Army of the Potomac. Considered by his contemporaries the greatest artillery tactician and strategist of the war, he was a master of the science of gunnery and rewrote the manual on the organization and the use of artillery in early modern armies: Instruction for field artillery. Prepared by a board of artillery officers, consisting of Captain Wm. H. French...Captain Wm. F. Barry...Captain H.J. Hunt...To which is added The evolutions of batteries, tr. from the French by Brigadier General R. Anderson (New York, D. Van Nostrand, 1864). Hunt was born in Detroit, Michigan, the son of Samuel Wellington Hunt, a career infantry officer. As a child he accompanied his father in 1827 to the Kansas Territory on an expedition to found Fort Leavenworth. He graduated from the U.S. Military Academy in 1839 as second lieutenant in the 2nd U.S. Artillery. He served in the Mexican War where he was elevated to captain and major. Hunt received attention when in the First Battle of Bull Run in 1861, his four-gun battery covered the retreat of a Union force with an artillery duel. He soon afterword became the chief of artillery in defense of Washington, D.C. As a colonel on the staff of McClellan, he organized and trained the artillery reserve and fought in the Peninsular Campaign. His keen work influenced battles at Malvern Hill, South Mountain, Antietam, Fredericksburg, and Chancellorsville. His most famous service occurred at Gettysburg. He served in Virginia through the end of the war. Following the Civil War, Hunt held various military posts. He served as president of the permanent Artillery Board. He also served at Fort Sullivan, Eastport, Maine (1868), Fort Adams, Newport, Rhode Island (1869-1872 definitely, and possibly until 1874), military commander at Charleston, South Carolina and Atlanta, Georgia (1875-1880), commander, Department of the South (1880-1883), and as Governor of the Soldier's Home in Washington D.C. (1883-1889). William Jenkins Worth served in the War of 1812, and was a General in the Mexican American War. Johnson, a Confederate general, had served under Scott during the Mexican War.
|The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History
|Civil War, Reconstruction and the Modern Era: 1860-1945