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Collection Reference Number GLC02437.10408
From Archive Folder The Henry Knox Papers [0002] 1744-1748 
Title John Fairfield's declaration regarding a settlement near Witchcassett
Date 27 February 1746
Author Fairfield, John (fl. 1747)  
Additional authors Waldo, Cornelius (fl. 1747) Grant, James (fl. 1747)
Document Type Land transaction document
Content Description John Fairfield offers an affidavit regarding Witchcassett, "four miles from Sheepscott and thirty four miles from St. George River, in the County of York" (present-day Maine). Attests that he moved to Witchcassett in 1738, commenting that at the time, forty families and householders lived in the settlement. Remarks on additional settlers in later years and sawmills located in the area. Recounts that in 1744, settlers felt vulnerable after hearing of the war that broke out in Europe between Britain and France, and many moved away from the settlement. In 1745, some settlers moved when Native Americans broke a peace agreement, and others joined an expedition to Canada. Attests, "... by the number of the Inhabitants being lessen'd & forced into Garrison as aforesaid the Settlements in Generall lye waste, and the few remaining Inhabitants are not able to make Improvements unless under Cover of the Garrisons aforementioned, that they are reduced to great straits & Difficulties & under great Discouragements." [Cornelius] Waldo, Justice of the Peace, signs a note dated 27 February 1746/7 in Boston, attesting to the veracity of Fairfield's declaration. James Grant, captain of a militia company in Witchcassett, signs a separate note attesting to the truth of Fairfield's statement. Another note signed by Cornelius Waldo on the same date confirms the veracity of Grant's claim.
Subjects Immigration and Migration  Mill  Industry  Forestry  French and Indian War  Military History  Canada  Peace  Treaty  Wartime Pillaging and Destruction  Fortification  Militia  Waldo Patent  Global History and Civics  Foreign Affairs  France  Refugees  American Indian History  
People Fairfield, John (fl. 1747)  Waldo, Cornelius (fl. 1747)  Grant, James (fl. 1747)  Waldo, Samuel (1695-1759)  
Place written Boston, Massachusetts
Theme Merchants & Commerce; Agriculture; Native Americans; French & Indian Wars; Industry
Sub-collection The Henry Knox Papers
Additional Information James Grant's militia company belonged to the regiment in the lower Division of the County of York commanded by Brigadier General Samuel Waldo. Dated 1746/7, 1747 reflecting the present-day calendar.
Copyright The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History
Module Settlement, Commerce, Revolution and Reform: 1493-1859