The full content of this document is only available to subscribing institutions. More information can be found via

Collection Reference Number GLC02437.10411
From Archive Folder The Henry Knox Papers [0002] 1744-1748 
Title John Campbell's declaration regarding the Damariscotta River settlement
Date 26 February 1747
Author Campbell, John (fl. 1747)  
Additional authors Wendell, Jacob (fl. 1746-1747)
Document Type Land transaction document
Content Description Attests that he took up land in an area under the charge of Colonel [David] Dunbar. Dunbar was replaced by Colonel Samuel Waldo, and some families left the area while others remained. The greatest concentration of settlers dwelled in the township of Walpole, Massachusetts, where Campbell asserts "...they built houses and made some considerable Improvements in Farming and Lumbering, which all those who remained there and others that were added to the settlement of the remove aforementioned continued to do till the beginning of the Spanish War..." When war between Britain and France broke out in Europe, settlers anticipated increased vulnerability to Native American attacks, and many moved to more secure settlements, such as Boston. Waldo garrisoned two houses at Damariscotta River, but when settlers heard of Native American attacks in July 1745 at St. George's and [Medomak] River, others left for Boston. In May [1746], "the Indians ambushed five men belonging to me of the Garrison aforesaid killed one of them and wounded another, and on or about the 22nd July [1746] ambushed nine other persons within about fifteen or twenty rodd of their Garrison and killed and scalped eight of them ... three Men two Women and three Children ... " After this, the remaining settlers evacuated, leaving the Damariscotta River settlement "in generall laid Waste..." Only ten families remain, in two garrisons, and they will soon have to evacuate because they can not "make Improvements or follow any Business." Asserts that before their evacuation, inhabitants built four saw mills and a corn mill. Signed 26 February 1746/7 by Jacob Wendell, Justice of the Peace. Wendell attests to the veracity of Campbell's declaration.
Subjects Waldo Patent  Immigration and Migration  Building Construction  Agriculture and Animal Husbandry  Industry  Mill  Forestry  Global History and Civics  Foreign Affairs  Military History  France  American Indian History  Refugees  Fortification  Death  Injury or Wound  Atrocity  Children and Family  Women's History  Wartime Pillaging and Destruction  
People Campbell, John (fl. 1747)  Wendell, Jacob (fl. 1746-1747)  Waldo, Samuel (1695-1759)  
Place written Boston, Massachusetts
Theme Merchants & Commerce; Agriculture; Native Americans; French & Indian Wars; Women in American History; Industry
Sub-collection The Henry Knox Papers
Additional Information Dated 1746/7, 1747 reflecting the present-day calendar. All dates are listed as noted within this document, except for those in brackets, which reflect the present-day calendar.
Copyright The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History
Module Settlement, Commerce, Revolution and Reform: 1493-1859
Transcript Show/hide   Download PDF