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Collection Reference Number GLC05280
From Archive Folder Documents Relating to 1815 
Title James Monroe to unknown discussing the establishment of a standing militia
Date 11 January 1815
Author Monroe, James (1758-1831)  
Document Type Military document; Correspondence
Content Description Monroe discusses the establishment of a standing militia. He also criticizes the Hartford Convention, arguing that it may lengthen the War of 1812. Authorizes military protection for the Springfield Arsenal, should it be necessary. A half-sheet of paper is glued onto the original letter's 3rd page. General Henry Dearborn, then the senior major general in the United States Army in command of the northeast, was possibly the recipient.
Subjects War of 1812  Military History  Global History and Civics  Foreign Affairs  Standing Army  Militia  Weaponry  Ammunition  Hartford Convention  
People Monroe, James (1758-1831)  Dearborn, Henry (1751-1829)  
Place written Washington, D.C.
Theme War of 1812; Foreign Affairs
Sub-collection The Gilder Lehrman Collection, 1493-1859
Additional Information Many Federalists believed that the War of 1812 was fought to aid Napoleon in his struggle against Britain. Some opposed the war by refusing to pay taxes, boycotting war loans, and refusing to furnish troops. In December 1814, delegates from New England gathered in Hartford, Connecticut, where they recommended a series of constitutional amendments to restrict Congress' power to wage war, regulate commerce, and admit new states. The delegates also supported a one-term presidency (to break the grip of Virginians on the office) and abolition of the Three-Fifths Compromise, and talked of seceding if they did not get their way. In this message, Madison's Secretary of State, James Monroe, expresses concern over the Hartford Convention and fear that New England Federalists might seize the federal armory at Springfield, Massachusetts.
Copyright The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History
Module Settlement, Commerce, Revolution and Reform: 1493-1859
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