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Collection Reference Number GLC05790
From Archive Folder Documents Relating to 1833 
Title James Buchanan to Isaac Wayne describing conditions in Russia
Date 3 July 1833
Author Buchanan, James (1791-1868)  
Recipient Wayne, Isaac  
Document Type Correspondence
Content Description Buchanan writes as United States Minister to Russia to Colonel Wayne. Relates that he has enjoyed his time in Russia, but will never be "contented to remain under the shadow of despotism longer than my duty to my country requires." Notes his rapid conclusion of a commercial treaty has induced President Jackson to summon him back to the United States. Commenting on Russia, notes "The mass of the people are slaves attached to the soil. A nobleman, in speaking of his estate never refers to the number of his acres; but always to the number of his peasants... no proper means are taken to improve the minds of the lower classes by education, & thus to qualify them for liberal institutions." Praises the Emperor Nicholas I and his wife Charlotte of Prussia (Alexandra Fyodorovna), noting they have reformed the conduct of the Court following the reign of the "magnificent and voluptuous" Catherine the Great. Writes, "I hope that our Country has passed through its days of peril... The success of our exampled is the last hope of freedom upon earth." Mentions the death of John Randolph, previous Minister to Russia. Refers to mutual acquaintances. Free franked by Daniel Brent, Acting Secretary of State.
Subjects Global History and Civics  Foreign Affairs  Diplomacy  Treaty  Commerce  Merchants and Trade  Government and Civics  Overseas Trade  Slavery  Agriculture and Animal Husbandry  Education  Women's History  Death  
People Buchanan, James (1791-1868)  Wayne, Isaac (1772-1852)  Brent, Daniel (1774-1841)  Nicholas I, Emperor of Russia (1796-1855)  Fyodorovna, Alexandra (1798-1860)  Catherine II, Empress of Russia (1729-1796)  Randolph, John (1773-1833)  Jackson, Andrew (1767-1845)  
Place written St. Petersburg, Russia
Theme Government & Politics; Foreign Affairs; Agriculture; Merchants & Commerce; Education
Sub-collection The Gilder Lehrman Collection, 1493-1859
Additional Information Wayne, active in state and local politics, served as a U.S. Representative from Pennsylvania 1823-1824.
Copyright The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History
Module Settlement, Commerce, Revolution and Reform: 1493-1859
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