The full content of this document is only available to subscribing institutions. More information can be found via

Collection Reference Number GLC09054.05
From Archive Folder Papers of British Secretary of War, Henry Fox, relating to Braddock's defeat near Fort Duquesne and the recall of William Shirley due to the "Intercepted Letters Scandal" 
Title George Montagu-Dunk, 2nd Earl of Halifax, to Sir Charles Hardy discussing treason
Date 19 March 1756
Author Montagu-Dunk, George (1716-1771)  
Recipient Hardy, Charles  
Document Type Correspondence
Content Description Discusses possible treason by way of an "intercepted Letter, directed to the Duke of Mirepoix, the Contents of which, upon a full Consideration of them, appear to me of a very extraordinary Nature, & of the utmost Importance." Mentions a Peter Ioncourt(?) as the probable author of the letter as well as a Lydius, under the employment of Shirley. "It is wonderful(?) however, to me, that W. Shirley should have engaged in such a Plan without acquainting the Government at Home with it, or with the Methods, by which He proposes carrying it into execution." Especially suspicious of Shirley's promise to protect the wives and children of the Indians in a strong place, "when there is none, I know of, in those Parts, but Fort DuQuesne..." which is the place that they are supposed to attack. Mentions that three people have already been charged with treason. In postscript writes that somebody under Shirley "was lately taken up as a spy." Noted as a copy on the upper left hand corner. Signed "Dunk Halifax." Two leaves sewn together with reddish-orange thread. Scored left-hand margin. Gilt edges and watermarked with a fleur-de-lis, V, backward C, I and VI.
Subjects Global History and Civics  Military History  Spying  French and Indian War  France  Corruption and Scandal  Treason  American Indian History  
People Montagu-Dunk, George (1716-1771)  Hardy, Charles, Sir (ca. 1714-1780)  Shirley, William (1694-1771)  
Place written London, England
Theme Foreign Affairs; French & Indian Wars; Native Americans
Sub-collection The Gilder Lehrman Collection, 1493-1859
Additional Information Montagu-Dunk was the 2nd Earl of Halifax and the British President of the Board of Trade. He helped to found Halifax, the capital of Nova Scotia, and foster trade, especially with North America. He later became First Lord of the Admiralty and became Secretary of State of the Northern and Southern Department. Hardy was Commodore Governor and Commander-in-Chief of the British colony of Newfoundland and the colonial governor of New York.
Copyright The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History
Module Settlement, Commerce, Revolution and Reform: 1493-1859