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Collection Reference Number GLC02437.01532
From Archive Folder The Henry Knox Papers [0045] August 1782 
Title Henry Knox to Benjamin Lincoln replying to his questions about peace and arguing for proper compensation for soldiers
Date 19 August 1782
Author Knox, Henry (1750-1806)  
Recipient Lincoln, Benjamin  
Document Type Correspondence; Military document
Content Description Written by Major General Knox to Secretary of War Lincoln. References 2 private letters from 7 and 10 August. Says he cannot furnish him estimates. Says he read over his last public letter (which was on the issue of soldiers pensions at half pay) to Lincoln of 31 July and cannot find anything improper in it. On the peace negotiations, he says "Unequivocally then, we have drank such liberal draughts at the fountain of peace that we can see no other object." Goes on to say that "The independence of America being fully acknowledged, say we[,] France will be easily satisfied by the adjustment of interests which it is in the power of Great Britain to make. Spain and Holland are too much like America, in the want of energy in their governments to be able to depart from the proposition which shall be thought reasonable by the imperial power." Says the idea of half pay for officers is an idea that is circulating now that peace is spoken of. Says the officers want to know if the state will conform to what Congress recommends. Says it would be beneficial if Lincoln was with the army to hear his advice. Says he thinks the army deserves to be properly compensated for its services and claims "a full denial of this justice will be a moral crime of great magnitude." Says the "old soldiers" deserve to be compensated and that those who enlisted before 1777 for the war's duration deserve to be compensated like the officers. Says "the expense of it can be no objection if the measure be just" as most of the officers have expended more than half their pay in the service of their country. Expresses frustration that Congress can do nothing. Says the other states need to follow Connecticut's lead and grant lands in lieu of half pay. Will send a list of books to recommend to Congress next week. 5 page letter -- first 4 pages on a sheet 33.5 x 21 cm. Last page on a smaller sheet -- 20.3 x 20.8 cm. The smaller page seems to be a cleaner write-up of material on page 3.
Subjects Revolutionary War  Revolutionary War General  Pension  Soldier's Pay  Finance  Diplomacy  Treaty  Global History and Civics  Freedom and Independence  France  Government and Civics  Continental Army  Morality and Ethics  Continental Congress  Congress  Land Transaction  Library  Book Selling  
Place written New Windsor, New York
Theme The American Revolution; Foreign Affairs; Government & Politics; Merchants & Commerce
Sub-collection The Henry Knox Papers
Copyright The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History
Module Settlement, Commerce, Revolution and Reform: 1493-1859
Related documents Letter from Benjamin Lincoln to Henry Knox on the administration of military supplies and the prospects of peace  Letter from Benjamin Lincoln to Henry Knox on the subject of officers' pay  Letter from Benjamin Lincoln to Henry Knox about military repairs and administration  
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