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Collection Reference Number GLC05128
From Archive Folder Documents Relating to 1847 
Title Frazer Persifor Smith to R. Welman Nichols regarding the capture of Mexico City
Date 26 October 1847
Author Smith, Persifor Frazer (1798-1858)  
Recipient Nichols, R. Welman  
Document Type Correspondence
Content Description Smith, General Winfield Scott's second in command, provides a first-hand account of the capture of Mexico City. Also criticizes Gideon Pillow and praises Van Doren.
Subjects Mexican War  Latin and South America  Foreign Affairs  Global History and Civics  Military History  
People Smith, Persifor Frazer (1798-1858)  Nichols, R. Welman (fl. 1847)  
Place written Mexico City, Mexico
Theme The Mexican War; Foreign Affairs
Sub-collection The Gilder Lehrman Collection, 1493-1859
Additional Information On April 18, 1847, at a mountain pass near Jalapa, a 9000-man American force met 13,000 Mexican troops, and in bitter hand-to-hand fighting forced the Mexicans to flee. As Scott's army pushed on toward Mexico City, it stormed a Mexican fortress at Contreras and then routed a large Mexican force at Churubusco. For two weeks, from August 22 to September 7, Scott observed an armistice to allow the Mexicans to consider peace proposals. When negotiations failed, Scott's 6000 remaining men attacked El Molino del Rey and stormed Chapultepec, a fortified castle guarding Mexico City's gates.
Copyright The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History
Module Settlement, Commerce, Revolution and Reform: 1493-1859
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