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|Collection Reference Number
|From Archive Folder
|Documents Relating to 1847
|Frazer Persifor Smith to R. Welman Nichols regarding the capture of Mexico City
|26 October 1847
|Smith, Persifor Frazer (1798-1858)
|Nichols, R. Welman
|Smith, General Winfield Scott's second in command, provides a first-hand account of the capture of Mexico City. Also criticizes Gideon Pillow and praises Van Doren.
|Mexican War Latin and South America Foreign Affairs Global History and Civics Military History
|Smith, Persifor Frazer (1798-1858) Nichols, R. Welman (fl. 1847)
|Mexico City, Mexico
|The Mexican War; Foreign Affairs
|The Gilder Lehrman Collection, 1493-1859
|On April 18, 1847, at a mountain pass near Jalapa, a 9000-man American force met 13,000 Mexican troops, and in bitter hand-to-hand fighting forced the Mexicans to flee. As Scott's army pushed on toward Mexico City, it stormed a Mexican fortress at Contreras and then routed a large Mexican force at Churubusco. For two weeks, from August 22 to September 7, Scott observed an armistice to allow the Mexicans to consider peace proposals. When negotiations failed, Scott's 6000 remaining men attacked El Molino del Rey and stormed Chapultepec, a fortified castle guarding Mexico City's gates.
|The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History
|Settlement, Commerce, Revolution and Reform: 1493-1859