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Collection Reference Number GLC01567
From Archive Folder Documents Relating to the 1860s 
Title Edward Bates to Joseph Barrett on slavery, Kansas and Westward settlement
Date 8 March 1860
Author Bates, Edward (1793-1869)  
Recipient Barrett, Joseph  
Document Type Correspondence
Content Description Written before the Republican Party Convention. Responds to a note from Barrett, fielding questions on legal matters and slavery. Argues that the United States should not extend slavery into free territories. Attests that in the Dred Scott case, Scott "being a negro could not be a citizen of Missouri therefore could not bring the actions in the Federal Court." Argues that the Constitution does not carry slavery into the Territories. Regarding a homestead bill, remarks that public lands "ought to be as little as possible, the subject of trade & speculation... I think it would be a wise and beneficent policy to give freely homes to such actual settlers..." Thinks Kansas should be admitted to the Union without delay.
Subjects African American History  Slavery  US Constitution  Republican Party  Politics  Election  Law  Dred Scott  Judiciary  Suffrage  Westward Expansion  Land Transaction  Statehood  
People Bates, Edward (1793-1869)  Barrett, Joseph Hartwell (1824-1910)  
Place written St. Louis, Missouri
Theme Government & Politics; Law; African Americans; Slavery & Abolition; Westward Expansion
Sub-collection The Gilder Lehrman Collection, 1860-1945
Additional Information Bates was a U.S. Representative from Missouri 1827-1828 and U.S. Attorney General 1861-1864. He also served various political posts in the State of Missouri. Barrett, from Vermont, was editor of the Cincinnati Daily Gazette 1859-61 and a delegate to the Republican National Convention of 1860.
Copyright The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History
Module Civil War, Reconstruction and the Modern Era: 1860-1945
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