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|Collection Reference Number
|From Archive Folder
|Documents Relating to 1836
|E. G. Fiske to Miss S. H. Fiske regarding Indian problems
|22 May 1836
|Fiske, E.G. (fl. 1836)
|Fiske, S. H.
|Writes to his sister concerning Indian problems. Discusses Texas and the capture of Santa Anna.
|American West American Indian History Texas Military History Latin and South America Global History and Civics Westward Expansion
|Fiske, E.G. (fl. 1836) Fiske, S.H. (fl. 1836) Santa Anna, Antonio López de (1794-1876)
|New Orleans, Louisiana
|Westward Expansion; Native Americans; Foreign Affairs
|The Gilder Lehrman Collection, 1493-1859
|Two weeks after the defeat at the Alamo, 350 Texans surrendered to Mexican forces near Goliad with the understanding that they would be treated as prisoners of war. Instead, Santa Anna ordered the men shot. After the defeats at the Alamo and Goliad, volunteers from the American South flocked to Sam Houston's banner. On April 21, 1836, his army of less than 800 men surprised and utterly defeated Santa Anna's army as it camped out on the San Jacinto River, east of present-day Houston. The next day, Houston's army captured Santa Anna himself and forced him to sign a treaty granting Texas its independence, a treaty that was never ratified by the Mexican government because it was acquired under duress. For most Mexicans in Texas, defeat meant that they would be relegated to second-class social, political, and economic status. The new Texas constitution denied citizenship and property rights to those who failed to support the revolution. All persons of Hispanic ancestry were considered in the "denial" category unless they could prove otherwise. Consequently, many Mexican landowners fled the region. The following letter reports the news that the Texans had taken Santa Anna prisoner at the Battle of San Jacinto.
|The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History
|Settlement, Commerce, Revolution and Reform: 1493-1859