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|Collection Reference Number
|From Archive Folder
|Papers of British Secretary of War, Henry Fox, relating to Braddock's defeat near Fort Duquesne and the recall of William Shirley due to the "Intercepted Letters Scandal"
|Charles Hardy to George Montagu-Dunk, 2nd Earl of Halifax, informing him of further information concerning the intercepted letters
|1 July 1756
|Hardy, Charles, Sir (ca. 1714-1780)
|Informs Halifax about further information concerning the intercepted letters. "I have reason to Suspect a treasonable Correspondence has been, and is Still carrying on with the French, both in Europe and America, by some persons in his Government, Maryland, or Virginia." Believes information "was given the French Commandant at Fort DuQuesne of the disposition and strength of Gen. Braddock's army." Hears rumors about the French enlisting Germans. Writes that "it is very plain the Author has been industrious to acquire a thorough knowledge of every Transaction on the Continent; and I think in some things, that he ought not, nor could not have known, but from those, who had no right to inform him." Writing only on the right hand side of each page. Noted at the top as "Copy of Sir Charles Hardys Letter to the Earl of Halifax." Gilt edges and watermarked with a crest and the letters LVC.
|Global History and Civics Military History Spying Corruption and Scandal French and Indian War France
|Hardy, Charles, Sir (ca. 1714-1780) Montagu-Dunk, George (1716-1771) Braddock, Edward (1695-1755)
|Fort George, New York
|Foreign Affairs; French & Indian Wars
|The Gilder Lehrman Collection, 1493-1859
|Braddock was the British Commander-in-Chief for North America at the start of the French and Indian War. He planned four separate initiatives; Shirley would attack Fort Niagara, General Johnson Crown Point, Colonel Monckton Fort Beausejour the Bay of Fundy. He would lead an expedition against Fort Duquesne at the Forks of the Ohio. After months of preparation, in which he was hampered by administrative confusion and want of resources, he took the field with a picked column, in which George Washington served as a volunteer officer. The column crossed the Monongahela River on July 9, 1755 and almost immediately afterwards encountered an Indian and French force. The troops were completely surprised and routed and Braddock was mortally wounded.
|The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History
|Settlement, Commerce, Revolution and Reform: 1493-1859