The full content of this document is only available to subscribing institutions. More information can be found via

Collection Reference Number GLC00639.17
From Archive Folder Documents Relating to 1801 
Title Certificate appointing Robert R. Livingston as United States Minister to France
Date 2 October 1801
Author Jefferson, Thomas (1743-1826)  
Recipient Livingston, Robert R.  
Document Type Government document
Content Description Countersigned by Madison as Secretary of State. Livingston was appointed to gain secured access to New Orleans, by purchase if necessary. However, Livingston exceeded his instructions by buying the Louisiana Territory.
Subjects President  Diplomacy  Global History and Civics  France  Louisiana Purchase  Government and Civics  
People Livingston, Robert R. (1746-1813)  Jefferson, Thomas (1743-1826)  Madison, James (1751-1836)  
Place written Washington, D.C.
Theme The Presidency; Foreign Affairs; Government & Politics; Westward Expansion
Sub-collection The Gilder Lehrman Collection, 1493-1859
Additional Information Notes: Livingston helped negotiate the Louisiana purchase from France.
Copyright The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History
Module Settlement, Commerce, Revolution and Reform: 1493-1859
Transcript Show/hide