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Collection Reference Number GLC00493.07
From Archive Folder Confederate war etchings 
Title Buying a substitute in the North during the war
Date ca. 1880-1890
Author Volck, Adalbert John (1828-1912)  
Document Type Artwork
Content Description Image comments negatively upon the Northern policy of allowing men to find a substitute to take their place in the draft. Shows a well-dressed and dandified agent with a holstered pistol showing a timid gentleman into a low class pub where the shyster agent is displaying the men the gentleman can buy as a substitute. The door has a sign pasted to it that says "Substitutes for sale supply of ablebodied men always on hand." Volck satirizes the claim that these are "ablebodied men," by depicting lower-class drunks and card players in a pub. Two blacks also appear to among the choices the gentleman can make. A poster of "Honest Abe" is in the background. Size in extent is for the mount. The actual size of the etching is 20.4 x 26.4 cm. Title in pencil on verso.
Subjects Propaganda  Art, Music, Theater, and Film  Conscription  Military History  Civil War  Union Forces  African American History  African American Troops  President  Alcohol  Humor and Satire  Military Substitute  
People Volck, Adalbert John (1828-1912)  Lincoln, Abraham (1809-1865)  
Place written s.l.
Theme Government & Politics; The American Civil War; African Americans
Sub-collection Papers and Images of the American Civil War
Additional Information Adalbert John Volck was a dentist, political cartoonist, and a caricaturist who sympathized with the Southern cause. During the Civil War, Volck supported the Confederacy through his satirical political cartoons. He also smuggled drugs and medical supplies for the Confederate army, and served as a personal courier to President Jefferson Davis. Contrary to Volck's depiction of the North's policy of allowing substitution in the army, the South also followed the same practice for a period of time. On 16 April 1862 the Confederate Congress adopted a conscription act which also allowed for substitution. It was not until after the price of substitution soared above $600 in gold that the Confederacy abolished the measure. The Union continued to allow the practice of substitution throughout the war and approximately six to eight percent of the Union army included substitutes.
Copyright The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History
Module Civil War, Reconstruction and the Modern Era: 1860-1945