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Collection Reference Number GLC01450.022.08
From Archive Folder Collection of letters related to wine trade in Portugal 
Title Butlers and Matthew to Newton, Gordon, and Johnston commenting that the war has been obstructing trade
Date 7 December 1781
Author Butlers and Matthew (fl. 1781)  
Recipient Newton, Gordon, and Johnston  
Document Type Correspondence; Military document
Content Description Comments that the war has been obstructing trade and depriving them of writing as often as desired. States they have sent the enclosed via Ostend to ensure it arrives. Comments upon the plentiful harvest of olive trees in the area of Cadiz, Spain but fears that the lack of rain will hurt the crops. Mentions that the convoy from Vera Cruz and Havana has come in with gold and silver, indigo, sugar, and tobacco, but only a bit of cacao, which is likely to be in great demand during the war. Wishes that they will soon see an end to it. Newton, Gordon, and Johnston were merchants from Madeira.
Subjects Global History and Civics  Merchants and Trade  Commerce  Military History  Maritime  Agriculture and Animal Husbandry  Coins and Currency  Tobacco and Smoking  
Place written Cadiz, Spain
Theme The American Revolution; Women in American History; Children & Family
Sub-collection The Gilder Lehrman Collection, 1493-1859
Additional Information Seller's notes: These are letters relative to the wine trade that was in progress and it will be noted that some of the famous officers of the day were ordering sizeable quantities of spirits at this time. Water in the colonies was very poor, so that these products were important to the every day survival.
Copyright The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History
Module Settlement, Commerce, Revolution and Reform: 1493-1859