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Collection Reference Number GLC03902.032
From Archive Folder The Joshua Mauger Archive: Correspondence regarding Nova Scotia politics and mercantile affairs 
Title Brook Watson to Joshua Mauger about the loyalist migration
Date 17 June 1783
Author Watson, Brook (1735-1807)  
Recipient Mauger, Joshua  
Document Type Correspondence
Content Description Discusses the loyalist migration to Canada after the end of the American Revolution. Reports that "the unhappy and Sacrificed Loyalists Continue to Embark for Nova Scotia in great Numbers indeed they have no other place of refuge." Claims that the population of Nova Scotia will double within the year and comments on opportunities to sell land. Laments the treatment of Loyalists: "The wretched disaffected New Englanders must turn Loyal, or turn out. The People gone to settle, having suffered so much...You would never forgive their persecutors or forget their Crueltys." Watson was a member of Parliament. Mauger was a loyalist merchant with business interests in British Nova Scotia. Red seal intact.
Subjects Global History and Civics  Politics  Government and Civics  Loyalist  Canada  Soldier's Letter  Immigration and Migration  
People Watson, Brook (1735-1807)  Mauger, Joshua (1725-1788)  
Place written New York, New York
Theme The American Revolution; Government & Politics; Foreign Affairs
Sub-collection The Gilder Lehrman Collection, 1493-1859
Additional Information From the Joshua Mauger (1725-1788) Collection. Archive of correspondence regarding Nova Scotia politics and mercantile affairs. The greater part of the collection consists of 249 letters to Mauger, dealing primarily with his business interests in Nova Scotia and England. It also includes 4 letterbooks, letter copies written by Mauger while living in Halifax and England, and financial papers such as accounts, bonds and indentures owed to Mauger. Joshua Mauger (1725-1788) was a merchant who built his fortune through trade and alcohol distilling in British Nova Scotia. Mauger used his financial success to influence the politics of Nova Scotia. In 1760, Mauger returned to England but continued to take an active and effective interest in Nova Scotia politics. In 1762, the Nova Scotia House of Assembly chose Mauger to act as their agent in London. He used his influence to help Michael Francklin become the Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia in March of 1766. Mauger also served as member of the House of Commons for Poole, England (1768-1780). Mauger’s correspondence details his far-flung business transactions in Nova Scotia, England, Spain, France, Amsterdam, various American colonies, Quebec, and the Caribbean. His correspondents also discuss political events in England, the Stamp Act and the American Revolution. Upon his return to England, Mauger suffered severe, frequent illnesses as a result of the harsh English weather. Highlights include: Brooks Watson’s letters from Montreal in 1776 (#19), describing a naval engagement on Lake Champlain and victory of General Howe on Long Island; from 1782-1783, serving as the Commissary General to the British army under Sir Guy Carleton (# 29-33), he describes the plight of loyalist refugees leaving for Nova Scotia. John Butler, Mauger’s agent in Nova Scotia, urges Mauger to seek the advice of Benjamin Franklin concerning the introduction of paper currency in Nova Scotia (#63), and other letters (#65-67) describe events in the American Revolution and detail concern over the fate of Nova Scotia in the war.
Copyright The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History
Module Settlement, Commerce, Revolution and Reform: 1493-1859
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