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|Collection Reference Number
|From Archive Folder
|Unassociated Civil War Documents 1865
|Benjamin F. Franklin to William Martin Dickson, discussing the creation of a separate state for former slaves
|15 August 1865
|Butler, Benjamin F. (Benjamin Franklin) (1818-1893)
|Dickson, William Martin
|Butler, a Union General and Radical Republican, discusses Jacob Dolson Cox's views on creating separate states for former slaves. Informs Dickson, a Republican judge and political figure in Ohio, that "The supposition that the negro can be segregated on a given portion of this country apart from the white man in a separate community occupying a part of our Sea Board, whether as a dependency or an independency, to say nothing of constitutional objections is simply absurd ..." Discusses pride of race, the failings of Native American reservations in Georgia, and the views of Clement Laird Vallandigham, a former Ohio Congressman. Spells Dickson's name as Dixon.
|Reconstruction Union General Slavery African American History US Constitution Law Segregation Freemen American Indian History Copperheads
|Butler, Benjamin Franklin (1818-1893) Dickson, William M. (1827-1889) Cox, Jacob Dolson (1828-1900) Vallandigham, Clement L. (Clement Laird) (1820-1871)
|The American Civil War; African Americans; Slavery & Abolition; Law; Reconstruction
|Papers and Images of the American Civil War
|Butler served as a United States Representative from Massachusetts 1867-1874 and 1877-1878, and as Governor of Massachusetts 1883-1884. Cox served as Governor of Ohio 1866-1868. Vallandigham served as a Democratic Representative from Ohio 1857-1862, and was banished to the Confederate States during the Civil War.
|The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History
|Civil War, Reconstruction and the Modern Era: 1860-1945