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Collection Reference Number GLC02437.04556
From Archive Folder The Henry Knox Papers [0094] January-March 1790 
Title Anthony Wayne to Henry Knox about the threat of the Creek nation to planters in Georgia
Date 20 March 1790
Author Wayne, Anthony (1745-1796)  
Recipient Knox, Henry  
Document Type Correspondence; Military document
Content Description Answers Knox's question regarding the number of muskets "received from the Spaniards by the Creeks," stating that the number is 6,000. Reports that "our Mr. McGilvery," a Georgia planter, has told him that "the Spaniards had not when first demanded, a sufficient number of that kind of smooth bore arms, that suited the Indians, that a vessel was dispatched to the Bahamias [Bahamas] in in [sic] order to procure as many as were deficient, & that the[y] had all actually arrived whilst he remained with his namesake the Indian McGilvery..." (Creek leader Alexander McGillivray). Discusses the concerns of the planter McGillivray, who fears the hostilities that might arise between the United States and the Creek nation. The planter is afraid of venturing into Creek lands, even though he is owed money by traders there, and despite guarantees of protection by the Creek leader McGillivray. Describes the planter McGillivray as a wealthy man, possessing "considerable property in lands & Negroes," well-respected for his intellect and honesty, and knowledgeable of the Indian country. Also reports that the vast majority of residents of Georgia would like to see the land grant be repealed, and do not want to be left in Georgia under the "depredations of the Indians." Argues for the presence of an army of militia to protect the citizenry. Noted as written in "Richmond State of Georgia," which most likely refers to Richmond County in that state.
Subjects Navy  American Indian History  Muscogee (Creeks) Indian  Revolutionary War General  Frontiers and Exploration  Westward Expansion  Military History  Weaponry  Global History and Civics  Caribbean  Merchants and Trade  Debt  African American History  Slavery  Law  Government and Civics  Militia  
People Knox, Henry (1750-1806)  Wayne, Anthony (1745-1796)  
Place written Richmond, Georgia
Theme Government & Politics; Native Americans; Westward Expansion; Agriculture; African Americans; Foreign Affairs
Sub-collection The Henry Knox Papers
Copyright The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History
Module Settlement, Commerce, Revolution and Reform: 1493-1859
Related documents Letter from Henry Knox to Anthony Wayne about sending federal troops to Georgia