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|Collection Reference Number
|From Archive Folder
|The Henry Knox Papers  October-December 1790
|Anthony Wayne to Henry Knox about possible Creek-Spanish treaty, opinion of rifles, worries about adventurer settlers disrupting Indian relations and the local politics that encourages it
|25 December 1789
|Wayne, Anthony (1745-1796)
|Correspondence; Military document; Government document
|General Wayne acknowledges a letter from Knox of 28 November and talks about information on a possible treaty between the Creeks and the Spanish government. Wayne gives his opinion of rifles "when a professional gentleman who had been in the British services, asked my Opinion of the efficiacy of rifles, to the fire of which the British attributed in great degree the loss of that Army - I gave my sentiments very candidly, that I thought them a very improper arm for an Army, that a few of them in the hands of expert marksmen might occasionally be servicable for small desultory parties, when covered by thick woods, & behind works, and supported by troops properly armed, Mr. McGilvray observ'd that the Creek Nation were so well convinced of the superiority of the smooth bore in War that during the course of the last summer, they applied to the Spanish Government for Six Thousand Strong..." Wayne is concerned about "adventurers" who are pushing westward and disturbing Indian relations with the United States government. The local legislature's actions encouraging such behavior can only be the result of "insanity." There is discussion of relations with the Creeks and the civil governance of the frontier, land distribution, and impact of Spanish involvement in the area. Wayne goes into the history of the Proclamation of 1763 and treaty of 1783 and their impact on the lands in the Floridas.
|American Indian History Muscogee (Creeks) Indian Revolutionary War General Treaty Diplomacy Frontiers and Exploration Westward Expansion Global History and Civics Weaponry Revolutionary War Military History Mental Health Government and Civics Land Transaction Boundary or Property Dispute
|Knox, Henry (1750-1806) Wayne, Anthony (1745-1796) McGillivray, Alexander (1750-1793)
|Government & Politics; Foreign Affairs; Westward Expansion; Native Americans
|The Henry Knox Papers
|The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History
|Settlement, Commerce, Revolution and Reform: 1493-1859