The full content of this document is only available to subscribing institutions. More information can be found via

Collection Reference Number GLC02437.04808
From Archive Folder The Henry Knox Papers [0097] October-December 1790 
Title Anthony Wayne to Henry Knox about possible Creek-Spanish treaty, opinion of rifles, worries about adventurer settlers disrupting Indian relations and the local politics that encourages it
Date 25 December 1789
Author Wayne, Anthony (1745-1796)  
Recipient Knox, Henry  
Document Type Correspondence; Military document; Government document
Content Description General Wayne acknowledges a letter from Knox of 28 November and talks about information on a possible treaty between the Creeks and the Spanish government. Wayne gives his opinion of rifles "when a professional gentleman who had been in the British services, asked my Opinion of the efficiacy of rifles, to the fire of which the British attributed in great degree the loss of that Army - I gave my sentiments very candidly, that I thought them a very improper arm for an Army, that a few of them in the hands of expert marksmen might occasionally be servicable for small desultory parties, when covered by thick woods, & behind works, and supported by troops properly armed, Mr. McGilvray observ'd that the Creek Nation were so well convinced of the superiority of the smooth bore in War that during the course of the last summer, they applied to the Spanish Government for Six Thousand Strong..." Wayne is concerned about "adventurers" who are pushing westward and disturbing Indian relations with the United States government. The local legislature's actions encouraging such behavior can only be the result of "insanity." There is discussion of relations with the Creeks and the civil governance of the frontier, land distribution, and impact of Spanish involvement in the area. Wayne goes into the history of the Proclamation of 1763 and treaty of 1783 and their impact on the lands in the Floridas.
Subjects American Indian History  Muscogee (Creeks) Indian  Revolutionary War General  Treaty  Diplomacy  Frontiers and Exploration  Westward Expansion  Global History and Civics  Weaponry  Revolutionary War  Military History  Mental Health  Government and Civics  Land Transaction  Boundary or Property Dispute  
People Knox, Henry (1750-1806)  Wayne, Anthony (1745-1796)  McGillivray, Alexander (1750-1793)  
Place written Richmond, Georgia
Theme Government & Politics; Foreign Affairs; Westward Expansion; Native Americans
Sub-collection The Henry Knox Papers
Copyright The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History
Module Settlement, Commerce, Revolution and Reform: 1493-1859