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Collection Reference Number GLC05893
From Archive Folder Documents Relating to the 1870s 
Title Annual report on the Grand River Agency in South Dakota
Date 14 September 1870
Author Hearn, J. A. (fl. 1870)  
Document Type Government document
Content Description Addressed to Ely S. Parker, the Commissioner of Indian Affairs. Comments on different tribes, their numbers and their willingness to farm. Recommends providing government assistance to the friendly Indians, who "are fully convinced that the Government will not always provide for them, if they do not by and help themselves." Describing a meeting with Father Pierre-Jean de Smet, a Jesuit missionary, who planned to start a mission school. Describes the Agency's location as poor. Mentions the military presence. Lists the buildings constructed. Commends the Indians good conduct over the past year.
Subjects American Indian History  Agriculture and Animal Husbandry  American West  Westward Expansion  Government and Civics  Religion  Education  Military History  Building Construction  
People Hearn, J. A. (fl. 1870)  Parker, Ely Samuel (1828-1895)  
Place written Grand River Agency, South Dakota
Theme Agriculture; Government & Politics; Native Americans; Religion
Sub-collection The Gilder Lehrman Collection, 1860-1945
Additional Information Biography: J.A. Hearn was an Indian agent and captain in the United States Army. Ely S. Parker was a formally educated Tonawanda Seneca who served as an interpreter and tribal representative. During the Civil War he served as military secretary to Ulysses S. Grant and wrote out the official copy of the terms of surrender. In Grant's administration, he served as the first Native American Commissioner of Indian Affairs.
Copyright The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History
Module Civil War, Reconstruction and the Modern Era: 1860-1945