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|Collection Reference Number
|From Archive Folder
|Documents Relating to the 1870s
|Annual report on the Grand River Agency in South Dakota
|14 September 1870
|Hearn, J. A. (fl. 1870)
|Addressed to Ely S. Parker, the Commissioner of Indian Affairs. Comments on different tribes, their numbers and their willingness to farm. Recommends providing government assistance to the friendly Indians, who "are fully convinced that the Government will not always provide for them, if they do not by and help themselves." Describing a meeting with Father Pierre-Jean de Smet, a Jesuit missionary, who planned to start a mission school. Describes the Agency's location as poor. Mentions the military presence. Lists the buildings constructed. Commends the Indians good conduct over the past year.
|American Indian History Agriculture and Animal Husbandry American West Westward Expansion Government and Civics Religion Education Military History Building Construction
|Hearn, J. A. (fl. 1870) Parker, Ely Samuel (1828-1895)
|Grand River Agency, South Dakota
|Agriculture; Government & Politics; Native Americans; Religion
|The Gilder Lehrman Collection, 1860-1945
|Biography: J.A. Hearn was an Indian agent and captain in the United States Army. Ely S. Parker was a formally educated Tonawanda Seneca who served as an interpreter and tribal representative. During the Civil War he served as military secretary to Ulysses S. Grant and wrote out the official copy of the terms of surrender. In Grant's administration, he served as the first Native American Commissioner of Indian Affairs.
|The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History
|Civil War, Reconstruction and the Modern Era: 1860-1945