The full content of this document is only available to subscribing institutions. More information can be found via

Collection Reference Number GLC00324
From Archive Folder Documents Relating to 1858 
Title Andrew Johnson to D. J. Patterson discussing appointments, politicians and the Democratic party
Date 23 January 1858
Author Johnson, Andrew (1808-1875)  
Recipient Patterson, D. J.  
Document Type Correspondence
Content Description Discusses appointments and mentions helping a mutual friend, John H. Craff and that the appointment of a "John Hural (?) a route agent on the Va [and] E Tenn Rail Road amounts to nothing..." Writes that he is "inclined to think though [James Buchanan] has much more strength through the country than he has in Congress..." and that Buchanan "needs will and decision of character while he seems to have a good deal of it in conversation! but he is timed and hesitating in practice..." Assesses Stephen Douglas's future within the Democratic party. "[Douglas] was of the opinion that he could...identify himself with the antislavery feeling of the north and at the same time hold onto his strength in the South, but instead of doing this he has failed in both..." Last two pages are attached to a border.
Subjects Democratic Party  Office Seeker  Railroad  Politics  President  Congress  Government and Civics  Slavery  Abolition  Reform Movement  African American History  
People Johnson, Andrew (1808-1875)  Douglas, Stephen Arnold (1813-1861)  Buchanan, James (1791-1868)  
Place written Washington, D.C.
Theme Government & Politics; The Presidency; Slavery & Abolition; African Americans
Sub-collection The Gilder Lehrman Collection, 1493-1859
Additional Information Buchanan was a Democratic-Republican Representative and later Democratic Senator of Pennsylvania who served from 1821-1846. He became the fifteenth President and was nominated in 1856 largely because he was in England during the Kansas-Nebraska debate and thus remained untainted by either side of the issue. Douglas was largely responsible for the Compromise of 1850 that apparently settled slavery issues. However in 1854 he reopened the slavery question by the highly controversial Kansas Nebraska Act that allowed the people of the new territories to decide for themselves whether or not to have slavery (which had been prohibited by earlier compromises).
Copyright The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History
Module Settlement, Commerce, Revolution and Reform: 1493-1859
Transcript Show/hide