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Collection Reference Number GLC00782.11.01
From Archive Folder The massacre of Chehaw Indians by Georgia militia 
Title Andrew Jackson to William Rabun requesting the arrest of Obediah Wright for murdering several Chehaw Indians
Date 7 May 1818
Author Jackson, Andrew (1767-1845)  
Recipient Rabun, William  
Document Type Correspondence; Legal document; Military document
Content Description Asks that Rabun, governor of Georgia, arrest for murder Captain Obediah Wright. Wright had destroyed a Chehaw village and murdered several of its inhabitants, while many of its members were aiding him in his expedition against the Seminole Indians during the first Seminole War. Seal remnant in upper and lower left corners.
Subjects American Indian History  Westward Expansion  President  Government and Civics  Criminals and Outlaws  Law  Massacre  Atrocity  Militia  Military History  Military Law  
People Jackson, Andrew (1767-1845)  Rabun, William (1771-1819)  Wright, Obediah (fl. 1818)  
Place written Fort Gadsden, Florida
Theme Native Americans; Westward Expansion; The Presidency; Law
Sub-collection The Gilder Lehrman Collection, 1493-1859
Additional Information Jackson served in the military again during the First Seminole War when he was ordered by President Monroe in December 1817 to lead a campaign in Georgia against the Seminole and Creek Indians. Jackson was also charged with preventing Spanish Florida from becoming a refuge for runaway slaves. While Chehaw men had fought in Florida, the Georgia state militia killed Chechaw villagers--an act condemned by Jackson in the following letter. Acting on reports of attacks on white settlers by other Creeks, the state militia, under Captain Obediah Wright, attacked and burned a Chehaw village, killing at least seven Indians. Captain Wright was eventually imprisoned for this attack, but later escaped and disappeared.
Copyright The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History
Module Settlement, Commerce, Revolution and Reform: 1493-1859
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