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|Collection Reference Number
|From Archive Folder
|The massacre of Chehaw Indians by Georgia militia
|Andrew Jackson to William Rabun requesting the arrest of Obediah Wright for murdering several Chehaw Indians
|7 May 1818
|Jackson, Andrew (1767-1845)
|Correspondence; Legal document; Military document
|Asks that Rabun, governor of Georgia, arrest for murder Captain Obediah Wright. Wright had destroyed a Chehaw village and murdered several of its inhabitants, while many of its members were aiding him in his expedition against the Seminole Indians during the first Seminole War. Seal remnant in upper and lower left corners.
|American Indian History Westward Expansion President Government and Civics Criminals and Outlaws Law Massacre Atrocity Militia Military History Military Law
|Jackson, Andrew (1767-1845) Rabun, William (1771-1819) Wright, Obediah (fl. 1818)
|Fort Gadsden, Florida
|Native Americans; Westward Expansion; The Presidency; Law
|The Gilder Lehrman Collection, 1493-1859
|Jackson served in the military again during the First Seminole War when he was ordered by President Monroe in December 1817 to lead a campaign in Georgia against the Seminole and Creek Indians. Jackson was also charged with preventing Spanish Florida from becoming a refuge for runaway slaves. While Chehaw men had fought in Florida, the Georgia state militia killed Chechaw villagers--an act condemned by Jackson in the following letter. Acting on reports of attacks on white settlers by other Creeks, the state militia, under Captain Obediah Wright, attacked and burned a Chehaw village, killing at least seven Indians. Captain Wright was eventually imprisoned for this attack, but later escaped and disappeared.
|The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History
|Settlement, Commerce, Revolution and Reform: 1493-1859