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Collection Reference Number GLC05589
From Archive Folder Documents Relating to 1818 
Title Andrew Jackson to John C. Calhoun regarding a treaty with the Chickasaw nation
Date 30 November 1818
Author Jackson, Andrew (1767-1845)  
Recipient Calhoun, John Caldwell  
Document Type Correspondence
Content Description Acknowledges the appointment of an agent to the Choctaw Indian Nation. Expresses gratitude that the treaty he and Isaac Shelby brokered with the Chickasaws met with then Secretary of War Calhoun's approval. In the treaty, the Chickasaw relinquished their claims to land east of the Mississippi River and north of the Mississippi state line and were given a $20,000, fifteen-year annuity. After Secretary of War Calhoun's approval, President Monroe made the agreement official on January 7, 1819. As a result, both Kentucky and Tennessee expanded far beyond their former border, the Tennessee River. The Kentucky portion was nicknamed the Jackson Purchase.
Subjects President  Government and Civics  American Indian History  Treaty  Land Transaction  Diplomacy  Finance  Westward Expansion  Frontiers and Exploration  
People Jackson, Andrew (1767-1845)  Calhoun, John Caldwell (1782-1850)  
Place written Nashville, Tennessee
Theme The Presidency; Government & Politics; Native Americans; Westward Expansion
Sub-collection The Gilder Lehrman Collection, 1493-1859
Additional Information Isaac Shelby was a Revolutionary War hero who twice served as governor of Kentucky.
Copyright The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History
Module Settlement, Commerce, Revolution and Reform: 1493-1859
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