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|Collection Reference Number
|From Archive Folder
|Documents Relating to 1818
|Andrew Jackson to John C. Calhoun regarding a treaty with the Chickasaw nation
|30 November 1818
|Jackson, Andrew (1767-1845)
|Calhoun, John Caldwell
|Acknowledges the appointment of an agent to the Choctaw Indian Nation. Expresses gratitude that the treaty he and Isaac Shelby brokered with the Chickasaws met with then Secretary of War Calhoun's approval. In the treaty, the Chickasaw relinquished their claims to land east of the Mississippi River and north of the Mississippi state line and were given a $20,000, fifteen-year annuity. After Secretary of War Calhoun's approval, President Monroe made the agreement official on January 7, 1819. As a result, both Kentucky and Tennessee expanded far beyond their former border, the Tennessee River. The Kentucky portion was nicknamed the Jackson Purchase.
|President Government and Civics American Indian History Treaty Land Transaction Diplomacy Finance Westward Expansion Frontiers and Exploration
|Jackson, Andrew (1767-1845) Calhoun, John Caldwell (1782-1850)
|The Presidency; Government & Politics; Native Americans; Westward Expansion
|The Gilder Lehrman Collection, 1493-1859
|Isaac Shelby was a Revolutionary War hero who twice served as governor of Kentucky.
|The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History
|Settlement, Commerce, Revolution and Reform: 1493-1859