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|Collection Reference Number
|From Archive Folder
|Documents Relating to 1833
|Andrew Jackson to James A. Hamilton
|23 February 1833
|Jackson, Andrew (1767-1845)
|Hamilton, James A.
|Writing to James Hamilton, son of Alexander Hamilton, Jackson comments on the rush of official business at the height of the Nullification Crisis. Mentions that he heard from Hamilton's mother, wife of Alexander Hamilton, and is pleased that she is still well. Asks that Hamilton come to Washington before 4 March 1833, the date of Jackson's second inauguration. Comments on the positions of Henry Clay and John Calhoun on nullification. "Nullification cannot be recognized as a peaceful & constitutional measure, and the American system of M Clay being on the wane, a union between these two extremes are formed, and I have no doubt the people will duly appreciate the motives which have led to it." States that he feels gratified about his course of action which will "give peace & harmony to the union." Also mentions a display of the Star Spangled Banner with the motto "The Federal Union it must be preserved." Marked private.
|President Government and Civics Nullification Women's History Inauguration Politics Congress US Constitution Peace American Symbols and Seals American Flag
|Jackson, Andrew (1767-1845) Hamilton, James A. (1788-1878) Calhoun, John Caldwell (1782-1850) Clay, Henry (1777-1852)
|Government & Politics; The Presidency; Women in American History
|The Gilder Lehrman Collection, 1493-1859
|The Nullification Crisis was a sectional crisis during the presidency of Andrew Jackson over the issue of protective tariffs passed by the federal government in 1828 and 1832 that benefited trade in the northern states but caused economic hardships for Southern states. In response, a number of South Carolina citizens endorsed the states' rights principle of "nullification," which was enunciated by John C. Calhoun, Jackson's vice president until 1832. South Carolina adopted the Ordinance of Nullification, which declared both the tariffs of 1828 and 1832 null and void within state borders. Senator Henry Clay mediated a compromise between South Carolina and the federal government in 1833 but the crisis deepened the divide between the north and the south and planted the seeds for the Civil War.
|The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History
|Settlement, Commerce, Revolution and Reform: 1493-1859