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Collection Reference Number GLC00330
From Archive Folder Documents Relating to 1849 
Title Andrew Alfred Dexter to Simon Newton Dexter on a planting business
Date 24 March 1849
Author Dexter, Andrew Alfred (1809-1854)  
Recipient Dexter, Simon Newton  
Document Type Correspondence
Content Description Signed as "A. A. Dexter." Docket reads "Rodney B[illegible]." Mentions his father's memoir. Discusses his "planting business" and a successful crop. Writes, "I have now quite a reputation as a planter having made the best crop in the county... I had no overseer or driver- neither did I find it necessary to be with my people in the field, except occasionally. This result I think will compare favorably with free labor at the North... I have now bought me six more hands, making 14 workers of my own, besides house servants..." Discusses a trip to Columbus in which he became sick. Notes that decisions in Texas courts do not benefit his interests there. Says of Texas: "Poor Sam lost his life there. I have thrown away the best 10 years of mine." Discusses other personal news and plans. Notes that if he can get underway as an engineer again, he is determined, "like... J.Q. Adams to die with the 'harness on my back.'" Written to his uncle.
Subjects African American History  Health and Medical  Agriculture and Animal Husbandry  Slavery  Texas  Law  President  Slave Life  
People Dexter, Andrew Alfred (1809-1854)  Dexter, Simon Newton (1785-1862)  
Place written Cross Keys, Alabama
Theme Merchants & Commerce; Agriculture; Children & Family; Slavery & Abolition; African Americans
Sub-collection The Gilder Lehrman Collection, 1493-1859
Additional Information Simon Newton Dexter (1785-1862) was a manufacturer of cotton goods in New York. He was a nephew of Samuel Dexter, secretary of the treasury under John Adams. Andrew Alfred was the son of Andrew (1779-1837) and Charlotte Apthorp Dexter. He was trained as a civil engineer, surveyed the first railroad from Charleston, South Carolina to Augusta, Georgia, and laid out the town of Aiken, South Carolina. He became a cotton planter in Macon County, Alabama, and died of yellow fever while surveying a railroad from Mobile to New Orleans (Library of Congress).
Copyright The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History
Module Settlement, Commerce, Revolution and Reform: 1493-1859