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Collection Reference Number GLC05018
From Archive Folder Unassociated Civil War Documents 1863 
Title An Address to the People of the Free States by the President of the Southern Confederacy. [a contemporary fake]
Date 5 January 1863
Author Davis, Jefferson (1808-1889)  
Document Type Broadside
Content Description Contemporary fake on emancipation. Imprint, "Richmond Enquirer Print." A fictitious response of Jefferson Davis to the Emancipation Proclamation, threatening retaliation by enslaving all blacks. It says in part "All negroes who shall be taken in any of the states in which slavery does not now exist, in the progress of our arms, shall be adjudged, immediately after such capture, to occupy the slave status, and in all states which shall be vanquished by our arms, all free negroes shall, ipso facto, be reduced to the condition of helotism...."
Subjects Civil War  Military History  Emancipation  Emancipation Proclamation  Slavery  African American History  Freemen  Prisoner  Confederate States of America  Confederate General or Leader  
People Davis, Jefferson (1808-1889)  McElroy, Robert (1809-1891)  
Place written Richmond, Virginia
Theme The American Civil War; Slavery & Abolition; African Americans
Sub-collection Papers and Images of the American Civil War
Additional Information First published in 1863 by the Richmond Enquirer. Preliminary research regarding the veracity of the address is inconclusive. Library of Congress notes, "Considered to be a forgery. Cf. McElroy, Robert. Jefferson Davis. New York, Harper & Bros., 1937. Vol I, p. 364 ff." Parrish & Willingham, 1st ed. 916, does not identify as a fake.
Copyright The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History
Module Civil War, Reconstruction and the Modern Era: 1860-1945