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Collection Reference Number GLC07738.09
From Archive Folder Photographs of Lincoln assassination conspirators 
Title Albumen of Michael O'Laughlin
Date 27 April 1865
Author Turner, A. A. (b. ca. 1831-1866)  
Document Type Photograph
Content Description Inscribed on verso: : Michael O'Laughlin Conspirator. Imprisoned for life. Died of yellow fever Sept. 23, 1867 at 7 a.m." Photograph shows O'Laughlin in wrist irons, wearing a dark jacket, vest, tie, and hat. He is facing right and is imprisoned aboard the U.S.S. Saugus.
Subjects Lincoln Assassination  Assassination  President  Prisoner  Yellow Fever  Epidemic  Health and Medical  Death  
People Gardner, Alexander (1821-1882)  O'Laughlin, Michael (d. 1867)  Lincoln, Abraham (1809-1865)  
Place written Washington, D.C.
Theme The American Civil War; The Presidency; Law
Sub-collection Papers and Images of the American Civil War
Additional Information Folder Information: Nine large plate albumen prints of the Lincoln assassination conspirators. Secret Service head Colonel Lafayette C. Baker selected Gardner to take the photographs of the conspirators while in they were in custody, awaiting trial aboard the U.S.S. Montauk and the U.S.S. Saugus. When President Abraham Lincoln was assassinated, O'Laughlin was living in Baltimore. On 17th April, 1865 O'Laughlin gave himself up to the police. He confessed to his role in the plan to kidnap Lincoln but denied any involvement in the conspiracy to murder the president. During his trial the prosecution claimed that O'Laughlin had been given the task of killing General Ulysses S. Grant. However, O'Laughlin's lawyer, Walter S. Scott, was able to show that his client was drinking with friends on the night of the murder and had made no attempt to seek out Grant. On 29th June O'Laughlin was found guilty of being involved in the conspiracy to murder Lincoln and was sentenced to life imprisonment. Mary Surratt, Lewis Powell, George Atzerodt and David Herold were also found guilty of the crime and hanged at Washington Penitentiary on 7th July, 1865. O'Laughlin was sent to Fort Jefferson with fellow conspirators Samuel Mudd, Edman Spangler and Samuel Arnold. Michael O'Laughlin died of yellow fever on 19th September, 1867.
Copyright The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History
Module Civil War, Reconstruction and the Modern Era: 1860-1945