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|Collection Reference Number
|From Archive Folder
|Collection of letters of the first African American to serve a full term in the Senate
|Albert D Thompson to Blanche Kelso Bruce asking for help securing a position as a school teaching in another county as he wishes to leave his current position due to threats of violence
|27 November 1875
|Thompson, Albert D. (fl. 1875)
|Kelso Bruce, Blanche
|A letter from Thompson asking Senator Bruce for help securing a position as school teacher for himself and his wife in another county since he wants to leave his current placement in De Soto county due to threats of violence, and a pay cut. Thompson is also the Col. Of the militia in his county, and as a result is a target for threats and abuse from the Democrats that had recently took power of his county.
|African American History African Americans in Government Congress Law Reconstruction Government and Civics Education Office Seeker Immigration and Migration Civil Rights Finance Militia Democratic Party Politics
|Bruce, Blanche Kelso (1841-1898) Thompson, Albert D. (fl. 1875)
|Government & Politics; African Americans
|The Gilder Lehrman Collection, 1860-1945
|Blanche Kelso Bruce was born into slavery near Farmville, Prince Edward County, Va. on March 1 1841. He was tutored by his master's son, but left his master at the beginning of the civil war and taught school in Hannibal Mo. After the civil war Bruce became a planter in Mississippi, and a member of the Mississippi Levee Board, and Sheriff and Tax Collector for Bolivar County from 1872-1875. Bruce was then elected as a Republican to the United States Senate, where he served from March 4 1875 - March 3 1881. Bruce was the first African American to serve a full term in the U.S. Senate. In 1881 Bruce was appointed by President James Garfield as the Register of the Treasury. Bruce then went on to serve as the Recorder of Deeds for the District of Colombia from 1891-1893, returning to the office of Register of the Treasury from 1897 until his death on March 17, 1898.
|The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History
|Civil War, Reconstruction and the Modern Era: 1860-1945