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|Collection Reference Number
|From Archive Folder
|The Henry Knox Papers  1-15 March 1783
|Address to the Officers of the Army [The Newburgh Conspiracy]
|10 March 1783
|Written in the hand of Samuel Shaw, this is Henry Knox's copy, and is docketed by Knox. An anonymous address to the officers of the Army, along with a call for a general meeting of officers. This particular copy was sent to the officers at West Point. Gives high-minded praise to the troops, extolling their virtue, bravery, and patriotism -- but then transitions into an emotional-laden section about America's inability to provide for them after the war is over. Says "If this then be your treatment, while the swords you wear are necessary for the defence of America - what have you to expect from peace - when your voice shall sink and your strength dissipate by division?" Makes a reference to "the plain coat of republicanism" (the contemporary use of this word in writing was somewhat rare in the 18th century). Wants them to come together and make a decision about what they are willing to accept and what they are willing to do to get it. Tells them "Let two or three men, who can feel as well as write, be appointed to draw up your last remonstrance." Says that they need to start applying more pressure to Congress and should refuse to disarm until their situation is rectified. Postscript says there is a meeting of general and field officers at 10 a.m. next Tuesday to discuss the report of the committee sent to Philadelphia to air their grievances. Says an officer from each company is expected to attend. Docket in Knox's hand.
|Newburgh Conspiracy Revolutionary War Revolutionary War General Military History Continental Army Soldier's Pay Finance West Point (US Military Academy) Patriotism Bravery Petition Continental Congress Congress Government and Civics Rebellion Mutiny Pension
|The American Revolution; Government & Politics; Creating a New Government
|The Henry Knox Papers
|This unsigned letter (as well as others written in subsequent days) are thought to have been composed by General Horatio Gates's aide-de-camp Major John Armstrong, Jr., although he denied this.
|The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History
|Settlement, Commerce, Revolution and Reform: 1493-1859
|Letter from Henry Knox to George Washington on the recent letter to Colonel Crane Letter from Henry Knox to Alexander McDougall concerning unrest in the army
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